Influenza Incubation Period


The typical incubation period for influenza is 1—4 days (average: 2 days).

Adults shed influenza virus from the day before symptoms begin through 5—10 days after illness onset. However, the amount of virus shed, and presumably infectivity, decreases rapidly by 3—5 days after onset in an experimental human infection model. Young children also might shed virus several days before illness onset, and children can be infectious for 10 or more days after onset of symptoms. Severely immunocompromised persons can shed virus for weeks or months.

Source CDC


Practicing Dentistry Without a License


Texas Law
Occupations Code
Title 3. Health Professions
Subtitle d. Dentistry
Chapter 256. Licensing of dentists and dental hygienists
Subchapter a. Issuance of license to practice dentistry
Sec. 256.001. License required.
A person may not practice or offer to practice dentistry or dental surgery or Represent that the person practices dentistry unless the person holds a license Issued by the board.

Occupations Code
Title 3. Health Professions
Subtitle d. Dentistry
Chapter 264. Penalties and Enforcement Provisions
Subchapter d. Criminal Penalty
Sec. 264.151. Criminal Penalties.
(a) a person commits an offense if the person violates section 256.001.
An offense under this subsection is a felony of the third degree.
Each day of a violation is a separate offense.

Texas Penal Code
Third degree felony range of punishment
§ 12.34. third degree felony punishment.
(a) an individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the third degree shall be punished By imprisonment in the institutional division for any term of not more than 10 years or less than 2 years.
(b) in addition to imprisonment, an individual adjudged guilty of a felony of the third degree may be punished by a fine not to exceed $10,000.


Texas Law for Child Passenger Safety


Transportation Code 545.412

•  All children younger than 5 years AND less than 36” required to be in the appropriate safety restraint system

•  Must be installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions, some prohibited from use on front seats

•  Anywhere child sits in a passenger vehicle 

–  Passenger car, truck, light truck, truck tractor, SUV

•  As long as there is an open seating position available equipped with safety restraint system/safety belt


•  It’s strongly recommended that all children less than 13 years old ride properly restrained in the back seat 


Transportation Code 545.412 Changes   SB 61

•  Requires all children YOUNGER than 8 years old UNLESS already 4’9” (1.45m) tall to be in the appropriate child safety restraint system (car seat/booster seat/safety vest) anywhere they sit in a passenger vehicle

•  Fines

– No more than $25 first offense

– No more than $250 second and subsequent  offenses


Transportation Code 545.413  (until 09/01/2009)

•  All occupants in front seat of passenger vehicles must be restrained by either safety belts or child safety restraint systems

•  All occupants younger than 17 in back seat must also be restrained by safety belts or child safety restraint systems

•  Both of the above: provided an open seating position equipped with safety system/belt is available


Transportation Code 545.413 Changes   HB 537  (Effective 09/01/09)

•  A person commits an offense if they are at least 15 years old sitting in anywhere in a passenger vehicle and not wearing a safety belt

•  A person commits an offense if they allow an occupant younger than 17 to ride unrestrained in a passenger vehicle

•  Both of the above: provided an open seating position equipped with safety system/belt is available


Definitions/Changes   HB 537

•  Passenger vehicle: passenger car, truck, light truck, truck tractor, sport utility vehicle – per 545.412 

• CHANGE: 12 & 15 PASSENGER VANS added, effective 09/01/09

•  Passenger car: vehicle designed to transport not more than 10 occupants including the operator – per 541.201(12)



Seed Money

Seed money, sometimes known as seed fundingfriends and family funding or angel funding is a securities offering whereby one or more parties that have some connection to a new enterprise invest the funds necessary to start the business so that it has enough funds to sustain itself for a period of development until it reaches either a state where it is able to continue funding itself, or has created something of value so that it is worthy of future rounds of funding.



¿Coches Eléctricos Ecológicos?

Que tan Ecológico es tu Coche Eléctrico
Depende de donde vives
Esa es la propuesta de el articulo de TIME

How Climate-Friendly Is Your Electric Car? It Depends On Where You Live


Con base en este mismo artículo yo concluiría:
El autor decide hablar de que tan “amigable para el cambio climático” porque toma en cuenta únicamente la contaminación por quema de combustibles fósiles, para producir electricidad, que es la que acelera el cambio climático.
Si el autor hablara de que tan “amigable para la contaminación del ambiente” tendría que considerar la generación nuclear de electricidad, que por la naturaleza de los desechos es potencialmente mucho más contaminante que la quema de combustibles fósiles. Los desechos de las baterías de coches eléctricos tampoco están consideradas.

Para mi este artículo indica que con todo y truco, la mitad de Estados Unidos contaminaría menos con un coche a gasolina eficiente que con el eléctrico.

Para mi es evidente que quien compre coches eléctricos como el  Nissan Leaf, no está ayudando en nada al medio ambiente, y a pesar de todos los inconvenientes de tener unos de estos coches, no resolverá nada a  corto, mediano, ni largo plazo, y que es sólo un accesorio para sentir equivocadamente que el usuario contribuye en algo.

Datos de eficiencia de “US Environment Protection Agency”